Phase I of the National Energy Program (NEP-I) was established by a Resolution from the Energy Policy & Technology Development Working Group of the Executive Yuan. The 15 energy technology related development programs were drafted at the November 2007 National Industrial Technology Conference and finalized at the 23rd Conference of the Executive Yuan Science & Technology Council Meeting in December 2007. NEP-1 established four directions for future energy programs: energy efficiency, energy usage & energy sustainability, renewable energy development & utilization, and formulation & evaluation of energy technology development strategies. In March 2011, the unfortunate disaster at the Fukushima nuclear power plant saw a major change in dealing with energy and energy projects. In addition, the global financial crisis of the European Union, the U.S. subprime mortgage calamity, etc., along with the constant political threat of terrorists and an increasing demand for energy and material resources in Asia as well as the burst of the bubble from the overinvestment of photovoltaic and LED industries, have forced a new paradigm shift with regards to energy and energy resources allocation.
Phase I of the National Energy Program (NEP-I) was slated to end on Dec. 31, 2013. To ensure that Phase II of the National Energy Program (NEP-II), beginning on Jan. 1, 2014, can link successfully with the results from NEP-I, a NEP-II Planning Team was formed. NEP-II continues along the Resolution established by the Energy Policy & Technology Development Working Group of the Executive Yuan and Executive Yuan Science & Technology Council Meeting in 2007. The underlying objectives of NEP-II rests on achieving industrial development targets, leveraging international collaborations, and fostering opportunities to further strengthen Taiwan’s energy related industries.
The execution organizational structure, execution approach, resource allocation, budgetary allocation, etc., will have to be adjusted so that the energy program can move forward along the core perspectives and requirements which match the global trend and improve our industry’s competitiveness. Taking a 10 to 25 year industrial segment scenario of Taiwan as a basis, we can establish a framework for the next five years of growth in Taiwan’s energy development process.